This post may contain affiliate links. Read more here. Unfortunately lots of dogs have problems with their anal glands. Some anal gland impactions get so bad that they become abscessed and rupture, causing pain for the dog, and quite a nasty mess for their people as well as the costs associated with having the infection and abscess treated. So if anal glands are such a pain in the butt — both literally and figuratively — why do dogs have them and what can you do to help your dog if they suffer from regular anal gland problems? See some of my recommended products and solutions at the end of the article.
What Is Anal Cancer?
An anal, or rectal, abscess occurs when a cavity in the anus becomes filled with pus. It causes extreme pain, fatigue , rectal discharge, and fever. In some cases, anal abscesses can result in painful anal fistulas. A blocked anal gland, a sexually transmitted infection STI , or an infected anal fissure can cause anal abscesses. Some other risk factors include:. Toddlers or children that have a history of anal fissures tears in the anal sphincter are also at a higher risk for developing anal abscesses later on. Such anal fissures might occur in children who have a history of constipation.
The anal glands or anal sacs are small glands near the anus in many mammals , including dogs  and cats. They are paired sacs on either side of the anus between the external and internal sphincter muscles. Sebaceous glands within the lining secrete a liquid that is used for identification of members within a species.
The inner lining of the anal canal is the mucosa. Most anal cancers start from cells in the mucosa. Glands and ducts tubes leading from the glands are found under the mucosa. The glands make mucus, which acts as a lubricating fluid. Anal cancers that start from cells in the glands are called adenocarcinomas.